Black man who was left with horror injuries after being attacked by white nationalists (white idiots) at Charlottesville rally now has a warrant out for HIS arrest

  • DeAndre Harris, 20, was attacked by a group of white nationalists leaving the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, on August 12
  • Video captured the moment the protesters beat Harris, and after the attack, photos went viral of his bloodied head
  • Two men were arrested for beating Harris, but on Monday, police issued a warrant for Harris’ arrest as well 
  • According to a press release, an unnamed victim went to the magistrate and complained about being beaten by Harris in the brawl 
  • The magistrate called police to confirm the allegations, and an arrest warrant was issued on a felony charge of unlawful wounding  
  • Harris’ lawyer said the warrant is ‘clearly retaliatory’ and the fact the victim went to the magistrate shows that they likely tried and failed to complain to police first
  • He described the victim as a member of a white supremacist group
  • The lawyer maintains that Harris did not instigate the fight

A black man who was beaten at a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, has been charged with an alleged assault during that confrontation, police said Monday.

DeAndre Harris, 20, was seen bloodied in viral photos and a video after being attacked during the rally in August.

He is now charged with unlawful wounding in relation to the brawl.

Deandre Harris (center) was left bloodied after being attacked by a group of white nationalists in Charlottesville on August 12

Deandre Harris (center) was left bloodied after being attacked by a group of white nationalists in Charlottesville on August 12

An arrest warrant has now been put out for Harris' arrest, after an unnamed person complained that they had been beaten by Harris in the attack which was caught on camera. Harris is seen in the navy hoodie on the ground in the footage

An arrest warrant has now been put out for Harris’ arrest, after an unnamed person complained that they had been beaten by Harris in the attack which was caught on camera. Harris is seen in the navy hoodie on the ground in the footage

An unnamed 'victim' went to the magistrate and complained about being beaten by Harris in the brawl. The magistrate called the police department to get the facts of the case, and then the warrant was released

An unnamed ‘victim’ went to the magistrate and complained about being beaten by Harris in the brawl. The magistrate called the police department to get the facts of the case, and then the warrant was released

The Charlottesville Police Department issued a statement on Monday, saying that the unnamed victim went to the magistrate’s office and complained of being beaten by Harris in the brawl.

The magistrate’s office called the police department to confirm the facts, and they then issued the warrant.

Harris’ attorney, S. Lee Merritt, told the Washington Post that the warrant is ‘clearly retaliatory’.

He described the victim as a member of a white supremacist group and maintained that his client did not instigate the fight.

Two men – 33-year-old Alex Michael Ramos (left) and 18-year-old Daniel Borden (right) – were charged with malicious wounding in September in the attack against Harris

Merritt said it was ‘highly unusual’ for a victim to go to the magistrate instead of the police, suggesting he tried and failed to convince cops to arrest Harris first.  The police don’t have sufficient probable cause to charge Harris, his lawyer said.

‘We find it highly offensive and upsetting, but what’s more jarring is that he’s been charged with the same crime as the men who attacked him,’ Merritt said.

Harris was left with a concussion, abrasions and contusions across his body, as well as a head laceration that required 10 staples, a knee injury and a fractured wrist after the clash, Merritt said.

Merritt said he is making arrangements with police for Harris to surrender.

Two men – 33-year-old Alex Michael Ramos and 18-year-old Daniel Borden – were charged with malicious wounding in September in the attack against Harris. Both are being held without bond.

Harris’ attorney called the warrant ‘clearly retaliatory’ and the fact the victim went to the magistrate shows that they likely tried and failed to complain to police first. His head wound is pictured left.

Former classmates at Mason High School in Ohio said he expressed anti-Semitic views.

Ramos was identified after posting about the attack on Facebook.

In a television interview, he said that he was only acting in self defense and denied being a white supremacist.

‘I was there because, pretty much, I’m a conservative,’ he said. ‘There were some non-racist members who were going to a free speech rally.’

At a September court hearing, Ramo’s lawyer alleged that Harris may have been the one to throw the first punch.

Upman refused to identify the alleged victim or provide any other details about the alleged assault.

At the rally, 32-year-old Heather Heyer was killed when a car struck a crowd of counter protesters. James Fields Jr. has been charged with murder in Heyer’s death.

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Chanting ‘You will not replace us,’ neo-Nazis (White Idiots) hold third Charlottesville rally

White nationalist leader Richard Spencer led a second torchlight march in Charlottesville, Virginia.

The march on Saturday comprised several dozen torch-bearing white nationalists who marched through Emancipation Park to the statue of Confederate general Robert E. Lee, which the city is working to remove, along with the statues of other Confederate leaders. Spencer was the featured speaker at the rally.

Spencer tweeted a video clip of the march under the heading “Back in Charlottesville.” He later tweeted “Charlottesville 3.0 was a success.”

The protesters chanted “You will not replace us,” and “We will be back.”

Charlottesville’s Jewish mayor Mike Signer responded to the march in a tweet: “Another despicable visit by neo-Nazi cowards. You’re not welcome here! Go home! Meantime we’re looking at all our legal options. Stay tuned.”

Another despicable visit by neo-Nazi cowards. You’re not welcome here! Go home! Meantime we’re looking at all our legal options. Stay tuned.

“It was a planned flash mob,” Spencer told the Washington Post “It was a great success. We’ve been planning this for a long time.”

“We wanted to prove that we came in peace in May, we came in peace in August, and we come again in peace,” he also said.

The protesters have vowed to continue to return to Charlottesville, according to the Washington Post.

The Unite the Right rally in August in Charlottesville led to skirmishes of the 500 or so white supremacists, neo-Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan in attendance, with counterprotesters.

Many protesters were armed and some carried Nazi flags and shouted racist and anti-Semitic slogans. An alleged white supremacist rammed his car into a crowd of counterprotesters, killing a 32-year-old woman, Heather Heyer, and injuring at least 20 people.

US President Donald Trump later equated the protesters with those who opposed them.



White nationalists briefly rallied on Saturday in Charlottesville, Virginia, where violent clashes in August led to the death of a woman who was run down by a car.

A few dozen white nationalists, led by so-called “alt-right” activist Richard Spencer and carrying torches gathered at Emancipation Park near a covered statue of Confederate general Robert E. Lee, the removal of which was blocked by a court pending the outcome of a legal challenge.

Spencer posted a video on Twitter showing the protest, in which opponents of the removal of Lee’s statue chanted “You will not replace us” and “We will be back.”

Charlottesville’s Mayor Mike Signer fired off an angry response on Twitter, telling Spencer and the protesters to “go home.” “Another despicable visit by neo-Nazi cowards. You’re not welcome here!,” Signer tweeted, adding “we’re looking at all our legal options. Stay tuned.”

An August rally organized by white nationalists to protest the planned removal of the Lee statue turned deadly when counter-protester Heather Heyer, 32, was killed by a car driven into a crowd.

The violence stemmed from a heated national debate about whether Confederate symbols of the US Civil War memorialize past leaders and dead soldiers or rather invoke white supremacy and the Confederacy’s acceptance of the slavery of blacks.

In the wake of the rally, other cities have acted to remove monuments to the Confederacy.

Jewish Trump aide says he stuck around after Charlottesville for tax reform


WASHINGTON — Standing at a White House podium Thursday, banker Gary Cohn defended his decision to stay in the administration despite misgivings over US President Donald Trump’s response to violence in Charlottesville surrounding a rally by white supremacists and neo-Nazis.

Cohn, who is director of the National Economic Council, said he had only stuck around in order to shepherd through tax reform, a day after Trump proposed a large overhaul of the tax system, including deep cuts for businesses and those subject to the estate tacx..

“Why am I here?” he said, responding to a question. “I am here just for this reason.”

Cohn, who is Jewish,  openly expressed disappointment with the president saying “both sides were to blame” for the white-supremacist violence this summer and that “very fine people” were marching with neo-Nazis, Ku Klux Klansman and other racists.

He reportedly drafted a resignation letter over the latter and told the Financial Times the administration “can and must do better in consistently and unequivocally condemning these groups and do everything we can to heal the deep divisions that exist in our communities.”

But when pressed during a White House press briefing why he ultimately chose to keep working in the West Wing after that episode, the former Goldman Sachs executive said he couldn’t pass on the chance to change the US tax system.

“Think about the opportunity that I’m involved in with President Trump in being able to rewrite the tax code — something that hasn’t been done in 31 years,” he said.

“The amount of impact that we can have on the US economy and US citizens and changing the forward outlook of the United States — this is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity and I would never miss this.”

If passed, it would be the first time that a president pushed through comprehensive tax reform since Ronald Reagan did so in 1986.On Wednesday, Trump traveled to Indianapolis to announce his long-awaited tax plan: a sweeping proposal to implement a vast array of tax cuts for individuals and businesses while rewriting the overall tax code.

The plan has already ignited controversy for its lack of details and for the benefits it would garnish on the wealthiest Americans without a true accounting for how it would affect those earning less income.

For instance, the administration’s proposition is to move from seven tax brackets to three, with tax rates of 12 percent, 25 percent and 35 percent, but the White House has not yet indicated at what levels of income those rates would be applied.

Cohn, who is one of the president’s top economic advisers, was once considered a likely pick to replace Janet Yellen as chair of the Federal Reserve, but his denunciation of Trump’s handling of the Charlottesville incident has reportedly taken him out of the running.

Trump again blames both sides for deadly Charlottesville violence

WASHINGTON (JTA) — President Donald Trump once again said both sides — white supremacists and those who opposed them — were responsible for the deadly violence in Charlottesville, Virginia last month, an equivalence that has outraged Jewish groups, Jews in his Cabinet and lawmakers from both parties.

Trump, speaking Thursday on Air Force One as he returned from Florida, where he was meeting with victims of Hurricane Irma, described his meeting a day earlier with Sen. Tim Scott, R-S.C., an African American Republican who has been critical of Trump on race-related matters.

“I think especially in light of the advent of Antifa, if you look at what’s going on there, you know, you have some pretty bad dudes on the other side also,” he said when asked what he told Scott regarding the deadly Aug. 12 violence in Charlottesville. Antifa is a loose coalition of leftists ostensibly organized to protect protesters but which has lashed out violently at times at its perceived enemies.

“And essentially that’s what I said,” Trump said. “Now because of what’s happened since then, with Antifa, you look at, you know, really what’s happened since Charlottesville.” he said, apparently referring to clashes between Antifa and right-wing protesters in Berkeley, California on Aug. 27. “A lot of people are saying — in fact a lot of people have actually written, ‘gee Trump might have a point.’ I said, you got some very bad people on the other side also, which is true.”

Antifa represented a small minority of the mostly peaceful counterprotesters in Charlottesville. There were limited skirmishes between its members and white supremacists who were protesting the planned removal of a statue honoring Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. Among the 500 or so white supremacists, neo-Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan, many were armed and some sought out counterprotesters to attack. Some carried Nazi flags and shouted racist and anti-Semitic slogans. An alleged white supremacist rammed his car into a crowd of counterprotesters, killing Heather Heyer and injuring at least 20 people.

Trump at the time blamed “many sides” for the violence and said there were “very fine people” on both sides. That caused consternation among his Jewish advisers, including reportedly his daughter Ivanka Trump, his top economic adviser Gary Cohn, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and David Shulkin, the secretary of veteran affairs. It also earned widespread condemnation from Republicans and Democrats in Congress, and from Jewish groups.

Trump later seemed to withdraw from that posture and his spokeswoman said this week he looked forward to signing a congressional resolution squarely blaming the white supremacists for the Charlottesville violence.

Jewish Trump ally hounded online as ‘Nazi’ after Charlottesville

Billionaire investor Steve Schwarzman, who served on a business council for President Donald Trump, said he received hundreds of emails calling him a Nazi following the march by white supremacists in Charlottesville.

Schwarzman, co-founder and CEO of the Blackstone Group, said in a speech Tuesday in New York that Trump’s business councils, including the Strategic and Policy Forum he chaired, folded after members came under pressure in the wake of the Virginia demonstration in support of Confederate statues.

“People were under legitimate astonishing pressure,” he said Tuesday at the CNBC Institutional Investor Delivering Alpha conference. “It was pretty clear that the country itself felt like it was going out of control. We decided there was too much pressure for too many people all running public companies.”

Schwarzman said that shareholders and employees pressured the CEOs to cut their ties with Trump.

“You should’ve seen some of the mail I got,” Schwarzman said. “I was accused by people of being a Nazi. I mean I’m Jewish. It was absurd.”

Schwarzman is one of Trump’s closest allies on Wall Street, according to the Washington Post. Asked at the conference how often he speaks with the president, he would not say.

Miss America contestants pan Trump over Charlottesville


Appearing at the Miss America Competition Sunday night, Miss Texas slammed US President Donald Trump’s response to last month’s violence at a far-right rally in Charlotesville.

On stage during the Miss America final in Atlantic City, Margana Wood, 22, avoided the tradition of giving bland and wishy-washy responses to the questions posed to her, instead taking the high-profile opportunity to rail against the president when asked her “political question” by People Magazine and Entertainment Weekly editorial director Jess Cagle.

“Last month, a demonstration of neo-Nazis, white supremacists and the KKK in Charlottesville, Virginia turned violent and a counter-protester was killed,” Cagle said. “The president said there was shared blame with ‘very fine people on both sides.’ Were there? Tell me yes or no and explain.”

One woman was killed when a car driven by an avowed white supremacist plowed into a crowd of people after the rally turned violent, and numerous demonstrators were injured during the rallies on August 11 and 12.

Trump failed to single out white supremacists for their role in the bloodshed, saying there was blame “on both sides,” and that there were “very fine people” among the white supremacist protesters, who were opposing the removal of a statue honoring Civil War icon Robert E. Lee.

“I think that the white supremacist issue—it was very obvious that it was a terrorist attack,” Wood responded to Cagle, “and I think that President Donald Trump should have made a statement earlier addressing the fact and making sure all Americans feel safe in this country. That is the number one issue right now.”

While Wood was met with raucous applause in the hall, and a cacophony of praise on social media, it was another Trump critic who ended up taking the coveted crown.

When judges asked Miss North Dakota Cara Mund whether Trump was wrong to withdraw the United States from the Paris climate accords that seek to rein in greenhouse gas emissions, she did not hesitate.

“It’s a bad decision,” she said during the nationally televised finale. “There is evidence that climate change is existing, and we need to be at that table.”

Meeting with reporters afterward, Mund said she wanted first and foremost to give a real answer to the question.

“I wasn’t really afraid if my opinion wasn’t the opinion of my judges,” she said. “Miss America needs to have an opinion and she needs to know what’s happening in the current climate.”

On Monday, after taking the winner’s traditional morning-after dip in the Atlantic City surf, Mund reiterated that the US should be part of the talks on greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming.

Trump, who once owned the now-shuttered Atlantic City casino next door to where Mund spoke on Monday, has said the Paris accord was a bad deal economically for the United States. He has also called global warming a hoax.

Rabbis Should Confront Trump Head-On Over Charlottesville

I strongly agree with the views of the leaders of the Conservative, Reform and Reconstructionist national rabbinic groups who have announced that they will not participate in an annual pre-High Holy Days White House conference call with President Trump.

But I disagree with their decision.

The leaders, representing some 4,000 American rabbis, cited the president’s lack of “moral leadership” in his comments about the Charlottesville tragedy in which he sought to put equal blame on the white supremacist, neo-Nazi organizers and those who protested against them. The rabbis’ joint statement noted the president’s lack of “empathy for the victims of racial and religious hatred,” and accused him of having given “succor to those who advocate anti-Semitism, racism and xenophobia.”

Well said, and all true. But snubbing the president, pre-empting a chance to engage with him and express deep-felt concerns, seems to me a missed opportunity — especially at a time when we as Jews are encouraged to participate in difficult encounters.

We are now in the month of Elul, a time, according to our tradition, to reflect on our actions over the past year and begin a period of repentance that culminates with the holiest day of the year, Yom Kippur. On that day, we ask God for forgiveness for failures in our moral and religious behavior. But in the month leading up to the Day of Atonement we are instructed to settle our scores with family, friends and others we may have hurt through words or deeds in the past year. That calls for direct dialogue — sometimes uncomfortable, yes, but necessary, since the goal is to clear the air and improve the relationships.

Three major rabbinical groups walked away from a High Holiday conference call with President Trump because of his reaction to white nationalists and neo-Nazis marching last month in Charlottesville, above. Was it the right call? Getty Images

The underlying premise in both forms of encounter is that all of us are imperfect, that we fail at times, but we’re given the opportunity to atone for our actions and be forgiven — in effect, to begin the new year with the blessing of a clean inner slate.

Snubbing the president, pre-empting a chance to engage with him and express deep-felt concerns, seems to me a missed opportunity.
As the rabbinic statement regarding the White House call noted, “our tradition teaches us that humanity is fallible yet also capable of change.”

That’s why I think the rabbis should take advantage of the White House call.

If it were just a one-way discussion, with the president reading his greetings to the Jewish community and the rabbis listening politely, I would agree that he doesn’t deserve their participation. But according to rabbis who have taken part in these White House calls in the past, representatives of the various rabbinic groups are given an opportunity to engage with and ask questions of the president.

When Trump, in his High Holy Day season message, expresses his commitment to American Jewry and calls for a year of peace, as he no doubt will, the rabbis can respectfully express why they believe too many of his statements and actions this year have had the opposite effect on our community and the nation as a whole — on issues ranging from his failure of moral leadership on Charlottesville to undermining the free press and judicial system to fostering an “us” vs. “them” society to cutting back on immigration, health care and environmental protection. And more.

If the planned conference call were to take place, the rabbis could listen to the president’s message but also express their disappointment with him, question his offensive statements and actions and explain the mandate — in both the Torah and New Testament — to reprove the improper behavior of others. “You shall not hate your brother in your heart,” we read in Leviticus 19:17, “but you shall reason frankly with your neighbor.”

The memorial for Heather Heyer in Charlottesville, Virginia. Courtesy of Rabbi Shmuel Herzfeld

The rabbinic statement said: “We pray that President Trump will recognize and remedy the grave error he has made in abetting the voices of hatred.”

Is President Trump “capable of change” and self-effacement? The evidence suggests otherwise, but the stakes are high enough to try and find out.
Rather than pray for such a change of heart on the president’s part, which may be a long time in coming, given his lack of humility, I think our rabbis should be telling him directly why they feel he has erred, how his actions have led to further division and enmity within our society and why it is their responsibility to criticize him. Not out of disloyalty but in an authentic effort for better understanding between the nation’s leader and the American Jewish community.

I agree with the position of the Orthodox movement’s Rabbinical Council of America, expressed by its executive vice president, Rabbi Mark Dratch, who said:

“We respect the office of the presidency and believe it is more effective to address questions and concerns directly with the White House.”

One lesson I’ve tried to learn from my late parents is not to shut the door on a troubled relationship. I saw it in the advice my dad, the rabbi of the only congregation in a small town, would give distraught congregants who came to him many years ago on learning a child planned to marry outside the faith. I saw it when my mom counseled family, friends and members of her community. “Leave the door open,” she would say. “You never know…”

Is President Trump “capable of change” and self-effacement? The evidence suggests otherwise, but the stakes are high enough to try and find out.

Whether or not the annual tradition of the pre-High Holy Day phone call between rabbinic leaders and the president takes place this year, we should be advocates for dialogue, discourse and discussion. When the talking stops, the danger escalates.

Jewish day schools increase security with Charlottesville and bomb threats in mind

NEW YORK (JTA) — Each year, the Aleph Bet Jewish Day School in Annapolis, Maryland, would run a monthly fire drill for its 32 students.

Then the school was hit with a bomb threat in February.

So this year, Aleph Bet is upping the ante, adding monthly evacuation drills to the fire drills.

The bomb threat necessitated “more practice with the kids and the staff, going over who was responsible for what,” said Sarah White, its head of school. “Our teachers are very aware of what’s around them.”

As the new term approaches, Jewish day schools are opening to a nervous atmosphere. The school year follows just weeks after the white supremacist rally in Charlottesville and less than six months after more than 100 bomb threats hit Jewish institutions — including some day schools — across the country. Although a young Israeli-American man was charged with making most of the calls, which were hoaxes, they awakened many school administrators and parents to the risk of an attack.

“It wasn’t so much determining where the threat was [from], it was a realization that anti-Semitism comes from lots of places,” said Rabbi-Cantor Scott Sokol, head of school at MetroWest Jewish Day School in Framingham, Massachusetts, which was threatened in March. “Whatever people’s rationale is going and doing these things, there’s just a climate in the country that has placed us all in a precarious situation.”

Some schools, like Aleph Bet, have reacted to potential threats by enhancing their security. MetroWest is keeping a close watch on its entries and exits, while the Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School in Rockville, Maryland, has increased police presence at both its campuses.

The Secure Community Network, a Jewish group that advises synagogues, schools and other institutions on security, has long recommended keeping a plan for emergency notification and evacuation, monitoring buildings’ entrances and maintaining relations with local law enforcement

“The reality is that we all anticipate there will be more problems in the future,” said Paul Bernstein, CEO of Prizmah, a consortium of Jewish day school networks. “The state of the world, the state of uncertainty and attacks that happen generally and against Jews in many parts of the world, the risks of our own national political environment, create situations where threats and attacks can happen.”

Effective and frequent communication with parents is key, said Bernstein, so threats are not overstated or misconstrued. Amid the bomb threats this year, some administrators said, interacting with parents was one of the more stressful aspects of handling the threat.

“How you communicate with the families in those schools is a crucial part of the success of that,” Bernstein said, noting how social media spreads information quickly and often without context.

Bernstein said some parents might panic upon hearing from their child “that there was a lockdown going on in the school and didn’t know it was a lockdown drill.”

Prizmah is working with the Secure Community Network to offer security best practices to affiliated schools and help them share relevant experience with each other.

The wave of bomb threats, meanwhile, convinced many school officials who spoke to JTA that their  facilities were secure and that they already had been doing the right things.

“We have the highest level of security for our building, and there was not a need to intensify it because it’s already at the point where they’re happy with the arrangements,” said Jennifer Rosenberg, head of school at the Hebrew Day School of Ann Arbor, referring to parents of her students. The school, which has 48 students, was the target of a bomb threat in February.

Reports of a rise in anti-Semitism or the white supremacist rally in Charlottesville aren’t forcing a radical shift at these schools, either. Some have reviewed how teachers should respond to questions about anti-Semitism, and the Charles E. Smith School school sent an email to parents denouncing white supremacy following the rally. But administrators said they expected to fold discussion of anti-Semitism into their existing classes on prejudice, Jewish history and the Holocaust.

“We’re not changing our curriculum based on any one event,” said Marc Lindner, Charles E. Smith’s high school principal. “We will be teaching, as we always do, our students to be aware of the dangers of things like this, and to be able to process and think through and make decisions based on sound reasoning, sound thinking and Jewish values.”

Administrators are also wary of creating a climate of fear through security measures. While schools want to keep their doors guarded, there’s also the danger of intimidating the students.

“When kids are coming and going, we are always aware of that,” Sokol said. “But we don’t make them feel really conscious about, ‘Oh, get in quickly because we have to close the door.’”

5 Alarming Revelations About White Supremacists (White Idiots) in the Aftermath of Charlottesville

Nearly a month before a car driven by an alleged neo-Nazi plowed into counter-protesters in Charlottesville, Virginia, on Aug. 12, white supremacists planning the “Unite the Right” rally joked about using vehicles to run over their opponents.

That message and thousands of other conversations among white supremacists were leaked from a chat app called Discord and posted on the website of a left-wing media collective called Unicorn Riot. Many users’ participation could not be verified, but ProPublica was able to confirm that two people whose statements were included in the leaked trove made the comments attributed to them.

The pre-Charlottesville chats include discussions of potential violence, the use of weapons, and excitement at the prospect of “fighting for the white race.”

The leaked discussions also reveal an intense level of planning and nationwide coordination. As ProPublica reported earlier this month, the “Unite the Right” demonstrations were dominated by a younger, more tech-savvy generation of white supremacists than in past protests. They coordinated logistics for disparate groups and came together a thousand strong to take over city streets in military-style formation. The two-plus months of leaked planning discussions, reviewed by ProPublica, support this assessment. Below are five key takeaways from the messages.

1. Some Activists Insisted on Peace—But Many Were Hungry for Violence

The discussion boards include repeated fantasies of violence against counter-protesters and black residents, only occasionally challenged by board moderators. ( reported on several examples over the weekend.) On July 18, for example, user AltCelt(IL) posted a photo of vehicles surrounded by crowds in response to fellow commentors’ discussion of car insurance and logistics. Another user replied, claiming that in North Carolina “driving over protesters blocking roadways isn’t an offense.” The user seemed to be referring to a controversial bill that was recently passed by the North Carolina Statehouse. The user then posted a meme showing a combine harvester that could be a “digestor” for multiple lanes of protesters, saying, “Sure would be nice.”

Less than a month later, at the actual “Unite the Right” rally, a car struck a group of counter-protestors, killing 32-year-old paralegal Heather Heyer and injuring at least 19 others. The white supremacists made light of that after the fact, with one user posting a meme that inserted an image of the car from the movie “Back to the Future” into a photo of the crowd at Charlottesville, adding the phrase, “Back to the Fhurer (sic).”

Evan McLaren, executive director of Richard Spencer’s white supremacist National Policy Institute, argued in an interview that what he characterized as “irreverent banter” was “not relevant to what happened” and did not spur the violence in Charlottesville.

The chat group members often used Discord before the rally to discuss street-fighting with their enemies, especially antifa groups. And some conversations focused on terrorizing Charlottesville residents. On Aug. 3, a user copied a posting for a Facebook event for a black community back-to-school party near Emancipation Park, the site of the planned Robert E. Lee statue removal. Users joked about crashing the party and stabbing attendees, who would have presumably included schoolchildren. (“RAHOWA,” cited below, is an acronym for “racial holy war.”)

2. White Supremacist Groups Spent Months Tracking Potential Foes Online and in the Real World

A month before the rally, white supremacists used their chat site to collect information on counter-protesters they anticipated they might encounter. As one chat group leader put it, “knowing faces is always helpful.” For weeks in the lead-up to the rally, white nationalists shared photos of a wide variety of potential adversaries, from out-of-state leftists to local Charlottesville racial justice activists.

On July 17, a user with the handle Stanislav Dajic posted “>Nigger >shoot intended targets,” followed by a smiley-face emoji, under a photo of Joseph Offutt, a black Dallas-area activist who has taken part in several counter-protests against Black Lives Matter.

Chat group users also trawled through left-wing websites and social media, aiming to exploit what they viewed as their political advantage in the Trump era.

McLaren, for instance, posted information about a “DC Training to Resist the Alt-Right” car pool, which he took from the discussion section of a left-wing Facebook event. (McLaren said he did so to protect his fellow marchers.)

The white supremacists also gathered and shared information they had gleaned via in-person sleuthing efforts. One post from July 26, for example, showed a photo a white supremacist took of notes left on a whiteboard from a meeting of a group called Showing Up For Racial Justice in Charlottesville. The board included references to the Southern Poverty Law Center, Black Lives Matter and other entities.

On July 20, another user took pictures of three left-wing groups in Ann Arbor as they raised money and recruited volunteers to go to Charlottesville.

The user advised his compatriots, “If you guys live in leftie areas and have art or street fairs coming up, it’d be worth it to mosey through and see if your local leftists are out trying for the same thing.”

3. Users Collected “Evidence” of Left-Wing Social Media Threats to Give to Police and Courts

Weeks before the “Unite the Right” rally, chat-room participants were collecting alleged left-wing threats of violence, such as “Punch a Nazi” posts on social media, suggesting this content should be forwarded to police or compiled for court proceedings. In one post from Aug. 9, for example, a user advised members of the “Antifa Watch” discussion thread to share threats against the rally “to help with our court case.”

In another post, this one on July 30, a user noted that an anarchist blog postdiscussing the Charlottesville rally should be forwarded to the Virginia State Police. Eli Mosley, who played a lead role in organizing the “Unite the Right” rally, told ProPublica via Twitter that police had been informed about “potential threats” his group had received. (The Virginia State Police and the Charlottesville Police Department did not respond to ProPublica’s inquiries as to whether they received any such content.)

4. Some Members Displayed a Sophisticated Understanding of Digital Security Culture and Leftist Tactics

On an intelligence-gathering thread, a user identified as McCarthy recommended not bringing phones to the rally, since “any stolen phones will compromise your entire affinity group, any organizations you are a part of, and entire networks of communication.” McCarthy may have been referring to cellphone extraction devices and programs that can perform link analysis, which are increasingly used by law enforcement and can map phone users’ communication networks based on analysis of call and text logs. In addition, a stolen phone could be used to reveal the identities of white supremacists in a doxing campaign.

The user then shared a link to a page dedicated to operational security for right-wing protesters on the white supremacist website The Daily Stormer. In a message to ProPublica, Mosley attributed this security focus to members who he claimed are “high level tech workers and IT security consultants.”

Malcolm Harris, a left-wing writer whose work often focuses on far-right organizations, noted that this reference to “affinity” groups suggests that the right wing is borrowing from left-wing organizing tactics. The affinity model brings smaller operations to work together in a larger action, and the right seemed to use this approach to coordinate among numerous white supremacists groups, such as Identity Evropa, the Traditionalist Worker Party and Vanguard America.

“The base form of an affinity organization is a group of five to six people that know and trust each other, then knit themselves into a larger [collection],” Harris told ProPublica. “They love taking left-wing terminology, so I’m not surprised to see them talking about affinity groups. It’s a pretty decent model for when you don’t have a single organization running things.”

Right-wing activists also shared information about local and state police scanners to help gather intelligence.

“It’s not exactly surprising that they adopt these tactics,” said Harris. “But on the other hand, the police and the state have not made it a priority to break their networks.”

5. Organizers Worked Closely With Police and Assumed Law Enforcement Would Focus on Counter-Protesters

In planning documents and discussion threads, chat group leaders repeatedly referred before the march to close collaboration with police and voiced expectations that law enforcement would treat them respectfully. A secret planning document, entitled “Operation Unite The Right Charlottesville 2.0,” for example, prepped for various possible police responses to their demonstrations, but noted “in our communications with them [the police] they know that the left are the ones looking to do violence.”

In the message boards leading up to the rally, apparent chat group leaders also repeatedly referred to their close work with law enforcement. When asked about these communications, Mosley, who was quoted in one of the threads, explained, “when I said 2018they knew,’ I was referring to the police who, time and time again, admitted to us that they knew the left was (sic) going to be the violent ones.”

The perception of law enforcement was more mixed among commenters who appeared to be in the rank and file of the chat group. Some hoped to recruit white police officers to their cause and praised past law enforcement efforts against left-wing Antifa protesters.

Others felt cops could “betray” them and were fundamentally pawns of the establishment (and added what may have been caricatures of Jewish people).

After the rally, counter-protesters and progressives criticized law enforcement’s apparent unwillingness to shut down violent altercations. During the torchlit march on Aug. 11, for example, white supremacist forces led by figures like Richard Spencer were able to storm through the University of Virginia, with some participants beating up counter-protesters, some of whom fought back but were overwhelmed. Witnesses, such as the Harvard professor and activist Cornel West, noted how few police were in sight. The next day at the rally, according to the Daily Beast, police ignored pleas from wounded activists and did not intervene or make arrests after the beating of a black protester, Deandre Harris, in a parking garage next to the Charlottesville police station.

McLaren, the white supremacist, blames the local political establishment, claiming 2014 without proof 2014 that it engineered the violence. “I don’t blame police for this; it’s the people who were directing police,” said McLaren. “They obviously engineered an event where it had to be designed so that violence would occur.”

In the wake of the leaks (and efforts by Discord to ban them from the app), white supremacist leaders say they will simply move to other apps or abandon them. “I’ve never liked using Discord or things like that anyway,” Mosley wrote on Twitter. “We’ve done it without that before. We used it this time because it was a large and public event.”

McLaren echoed that view. “You know also there’s a robust nature to what we’ve accomplished so far,” said McLaren. “We’re pretty personally networked now so there’s an extent we can continue to coordinate things even if we’re completely shut out of social media.”

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