German politicians from the Christian Democratic Union Party (CDU) in Hamburg submitted a resolution in early February calling on the state senate to take decisive action against the anti-Israel Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement, deeming it as antisemitic.

The CDU is the opposition party in the government, while the Social Democrats and the Green Party make up the governing coalition in Hamburg.

The CDU politicians condemned “BDS initiatives and activities as antisemitic,” adding that the senate, as well as government agencies, should assess all activities as hostile to Israel and take actions against BDS.

The resolution appears to the be first state government legislative act seeking to blunt BDS. The CDU sponsors of the resolution are Carsten Ovens, Karin Prien, André Trepoll, Dennis Thering, Birgit Stöver, Dennis Gladiator, and Jörg Hamann.

The resolution urged Hamburg to support further initiatives to strengthen German-Israel bilateral relations. According to the resolution, “In previous months, many different countries have shown a clear resistance against the BDS movement. National and local parliaments and administrations – for example, in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Paris – decided to reject these boycott activities.”

The northern port city of Hamburg is both a city and a federal German state.

The resolution stated: “Who today under the flag of the BDS movement calls to boycott Israeli goods and services speaks the same language in which people were called to not buy from Jews. That is nothing other than coarse antisemitism.”

The CDU compared BDS to the National Socialists who boycotted Jews in the 1930s. BDS dresses up antisemitism in the “new clothes of the 21st century” as anti-Zionism, the party said.

The anti-BDS resolution was in response to the University of Hamburg’s appointment of Farid Esack, a pro-BDS Islamic theologian from South Africa. The advisory board of the Academy of World Religions at Hamburg University, where Esack served as a guest professor from October to mid-February, distanced itself from Esack.

In a statement to Die Welt reporter Jakob Koch, the academy said it is “totally unacceptable from the view of the advisory council when a comprehensive boycott of Israel is called for and thereby a break in every form of cooperation with Israeli universities, cultural institutions and other institutions.”

Die Welt further reported on Saturday that the academy said Esack has not demonstrated clear statements affirming Israel’s right to exist. The advisory panel said that “under consideration of the now known facts a decision to appoint Prof. Dr. Esack as guest professor would have certainly been decided differently.”

Esack is the chairman of BDS South Africa. In 2015, he welcomed his “comrade” plane hijacker Leila Khaled, of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, at a fund-raiser. The EU and US classify the PFLP as a terrorist organization.
Esack has argued that “the idea of an Islamic State in Germany must be allowed to be represented.”

The Israeli Embassy in Berlin told The Jerusalem Post in January: “This is a man [Esack] who expressed antisemitic statements, and who is sympathetic to Holocaust denial. A person with such views has no place as an educator in a university, in particular not in Germany; due to both professional as well as moral and probably also legal reasons.”

A statement from Esack published on a BDS website in Germany read: “Neither I nor anyone on the staff or board of BDS SA has ever made any statement that could be reasonably interpreted as antisemitism. These accusations are part of a hundreds of million of dollars, Israeli government-funded operation.” Esack has compared Israel’s government to that of Nazi Germany on his Facebook page, and called former president Shimon Peres a “terrorist.”

The anti-BDS motion in Hamburg is a further setback for BDS activists, after German financial institutions terminated three BDS bank accounts in 2016. Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union Party passed an anti-BDS resolution at its party congress. The senate is slated to vote on the CDU resolution on March 1.



Netanyahu rejected regional peace plan last year — report

Prime Minster Benjamin Netanyahu rejected a regional peace plan for the renewal of negotiations toward a two-state solution and recognition of Israel as a Jewish state less than a year ago, the Israeli daily Haaretz reported Sunday, days after he called for such an initiative at his first meeting with US President Donald Trump.

The proposal was the result of months of negotiations led by then-US Secretary of State John Kerry and culminated in a secret meeting on February 21, 2016, between Netanyahu, Kerry, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Jordan’s King Abdullah, according the report.

Despite including two key tenets that Netanyahu has repeatedly declared as imperative to any potential peace accord — recognition of Israel as a Jewish state and cooperation with regional Arab nations — the prime minister is said to have rejected the proposal, saying he would not be able to get approval from his hawkish coalition.

Kerry had initiated the summit after complex bargaining with both Israel’s regional neighbors and its internal political players. Details of the proposal and the secret meeting came from former senior officials in the Obama administration who asked to remain anonymous, Haaretz said. The Prime Minister’s Office refused to comment on the report.

US Secretary of State John Kerry delivers a speech on Middle East peace at the U.S. Department of State on December 28, 2016, in Washington, DC. (Zach Gibson/Getty Images/AFP)

US Secretary of State John Kerry delivers a speech on Middle East peace at the U.S. Department of State on December 28, 2016, in Washington, DC. (Zach Gibson/Getty Images/AFP)

The plan reportedly included six principles to guide the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that Kerry presented in his final speech on the issue as US secretary of state in December. That speech also included a scathing attack on Israel’s continued settlement activity.

Firstly, Kerry said, peace must provide for secure and recognized borders, based on the 1967 lines, with mutually agreed land swaps and a contiguous state for the Palestinians.

Other principles included the fulfillment of UN General Assembly Resolution 181, which called for two state for two peoples; a fair and “realistic” solution to the Palestinian refugee problem that did not “affect the fundamental character of Israel”; shared capitals in Jerusalem that ensured free access to holy sites and no redivision of the city; Israeli security guarantees along with an end to the occupation; and a final end to the conflict and all outstanding claims along with the establishment of normalized relations.

While Sissi and Abdullah both accepted the proposal and agreed to put pressure on Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to accept it, Netanyahu “evaded a clear answer on the proposed plan,” the report said, citing the Obama administration officials. He did however agree to release a statement “relating positively” to the Arab Peace Initiative, in return for a regional peace summit including several Sunni states.

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas promotes the Arab Peace Initiative during a speech at the World Economic Forum on the Middle East and North Africa in Jordan, May 26, 2013 (photo credit: AP/Jim Young)

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas promotes the Arab Peace Initiative during a speech at the World Economic Forum on the Middle East and North Africa in Jordan, May 26, 2013 (photo credit: AP/Jim Young)

The 2002 Arab Peace Initiative calls for significant concessions on Israel’s part, among them a full withdrawal from the West Bank, the establishment of a Palestinian state with its capital in East Jerusalem and an agreed-upon solution for the Palestinian refugee problem. In return, numerous Arab states would officially recognize the Jewish state as well as establish normalized ties with it.

While it is unclear whether the proposal was ever formally rejected, it set in motion a series of political developments in Israel that lead to Netanyahu partially endorsing the Arab Peace Initiative and offering to negotiate with the Arab world the parameters of the plan.

Immediately after the meeting, Netanyahu reportedly called opposition leader Isaac Herzog to update him on the talks in an attempt to persuade him to join to coalition. That conversation developed into weeks of talks between the Likud party and Herzog’s Zionist Union.

Despite intense efforts by an alliance of foreign leaders to secure a national unity government, talks fell apart when it was revealed that the right-wing party Yisrael Beytenu would join the governing coalition, with its leader, Avigdor Liberman, taking the Defense Ministry portfolio.

Opposition leader Issac Herzog at the Knesset on January 17, 2017. (Miriam Alster/FLASH90)

Opposition leader Issac Herzog at the Knesset on January 17, 2017. (Miriam Alster/FLASH90)

A clause in the scrapped agreement between Likud and Zionist Union stated that the government would “relate positively” to the idea of a regional reconciliation agreement between Israel and several Arab states, as well as to certain elements of the Arab Peace Initiative to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The clause in the document, published at the time by Channel 2, further stated that Israel would “express a readiness for the first time to enter a dialogue on the matter with the relevant Arab states.” The contents of the file were confirmed by the Prime Minister’s Office, Channel 2 said.

But at a press conference with Liberman after announcing Yisrael Beytenu would join the coalition, Netanyahu did make a dramatic declaration of partial support for the Arab Peace Initiative.

“I take this opportunity to make clear that I remain committed to making peace with the Palestinians and with all our neighbors. The Arab Peace Initiative contains positive elements that could help revive constructive negotiations with the Palestinians,” Netanyahu declared.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (right) and incoming Defense Minister Avigdor Liberman (left) hold a press conference in the Knesset on Monday, May 30, 2016. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (right) and incoming Defense Minister Avigdor Liberman (left) hold a press conference in the Knesset on Monday, May 30, 2016. (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)

“We are willing to negotiate with the Arab states revisions to that initiative so that it reflects the dramatic changes in our region since 2002″ — when the proposal was first floated — “but maintains the agreed goal of two states for two peoples,” Netanyahu said.

Despite the announcement and repeated statements by Netanyhau calling for wider cooperation with Arab counties, no diplomatic progress has been made since.

Last week, at a joint news conference with US President Donald Trump, Netanyahu said some Arab countries see Israel “increasingly as an ally,” suggesting they are driven by concern over Iranian expansionism and the spread of Islamic militancy. “This change in our region creates an unprecedented opportunity to strengthen security and advance peace,” he said in urging Trump to “seize this moment together.”

Trump said he wants to pursue “a much bigger deal” in the Mideast that would include “many, many countries.” He suggested there’s Arab interest, saying, “We have some pretty good cooperation from people who in the past would never, ever have even thought of doing this.”

US President Donald Trump, right, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shake hands during a joint press conference in the East Room of the White House, in Washington, DC, February 15, 2017. (AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGAN)

US President Donald Trump, right, and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shake hands during a joint press conference in the East Room of the White House, in Washington, DC, February 15, 2017. (AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGAN)

Neither leader provided specifics, though Trump said both Israelis and Palestinians would have to make concessions. Both men refused to endorse a traditional pillar of US policy — a Palestinian state alongside Israel — as the preferred solution to the long-running conflict.

Speaking to Israel Radio Sunday morning, Transportation Minister Yisrael Katz said the regional coalition could go ahead now because the Trump administration shared Israel’s view of Iran as the major regional threat.

“They have been no denials [from Arab countries] since the prime minister announced an alliance with these Sunni Arab states,” Katz said, adding that the cooperation was based on intelligence sharing focused common enemies in Iran and they have declared Hezbollah a terrorist organization.

However, he conceded these countries still “care about the Palestinian issue.”

Lithuanian nationalists celebrate Holocaust-era quisling, Pepe the Frog near execution site

(JTA) — Lithuanian ultranationalists marched near execution sites of Jews with banners celebrating a pro-Nazi collaborationist who called for ethnic cleansing and a symbol popular with members of the U.S. “alt-right” movement.

Approximately 170 people attended Thursday’s annual march in Kaunas, Lithuania’s second city that is also known as Kovno, the website Defending History reported.

The main banner featured a picture of the collaborationist Kazys Skirpa modified to resemble Pepe the Frog, a cartoon figure that was used by hate groups in the United States during the 2016 presidential elections, according to the Anti-Defamation League.

The banner also included a quote attributed to the Pepe-like portrait of Skirpa, an envoy of the pro-Nazi movement in Lithuania to Berlin, that read “Lithuania will contribute to new and better European order.”

Skirpa, who has a street named for him in Kaunas, “elevated anti-Semitism to a political level” that “could have encouraged a portion of Lithuania’s residents to get involved in the Holocaust,” the Genocide and Resistance Research Center of Lithuania asserted in 2015. But Skirpa “proposed to solve ‘the Jewish problem’ not by genocide but by the method of expulsion from Lithuania,” the center said.

The procession passed near the Lietovus Garage, where in 1941 locals butchered dozens of Jews. Thousands more were killed in an around Kaunas by local collaborators of the Nazis and by German soldiers in the following months.

“Kaunas is ground zero of the Lithuanian Holocaust,” Dovid Katz, a U.S.-born scholar and the founder of Defending History, told JTA on Friday. He condemned local authorities for allowing the march by “folks who glorify the very Holocaust-collaborators, theoreticians and perpetrators who unleashed the genocide locally.” Katz was one of five people who attended the march to protest and document it.

Lithuania is the only country that officially defines its domination by the former Soviet Union as a form of genocide. The name of the state-funded entity that wrote about Skirpa in 2005 refers both to the Holocaust and the so-called Soviet occupation.

The Museum of Genocide Victims in Vilnius, which until 2011 did not mention the more than 200,000 Lithuanian Jews who died in the Nazi Holocaust, was established in 1992 to memorialize Lithuanians killed by the Nazi, but mostly Soviet, states.

Another placard seen at the march on Feb. 16, one of Lithuania’s two independence days, featured a list of 33 names, supposedly of Jews who allegedly were involved in Soviet repression. “Information on Jews and Vanagaite,” the poster also read. In previous years, marchers also displayed Nazi swastikas.

Vanagaite referred to Ruta Vanagaite, a Lithuanian writer who last year co-authored an influential book about the Holocaust in Lithuania with Nazi hunter Efraim Zuroff of the Simon Wiesenthal Center. The book triggered an acrimonious public debate about the longtime taboo issue of local complicity in the Holocaust.

Racial Limitations of the Libyan Experiment in Socialist Nationalism


A growing minority of young and educated people living in the European diaspora views one or another form of socialism favorably as an alternative to the dystopian hybrid form of capitalism prevailing at present. Nationally oriented socialist models, in particular, appear to be increasingly attractive. National Socialism as implemented in Hitler’s Germany is the most famous example, of course; but other countries, as with the Bolivarian revolutions recently gone into eclipse in Latin America, have also undertaken reforms designed to redistribute national resource wealth for the benefit of the citizenry.

Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, taking his cue from Arab nationalist titan Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, was similarly inspired to revolutionize the Libyan economy for its people. Building on the modernizations begun by Italian colonizers and British administrators, Gaddafi was remarkably successful in raising his country’s rate of literacy and general standard of living, with socialized health care, education, and utilities far removed from anything experienced by the Bedouin as they existed mere decades previously. Just how far is indicated by the backward state of the country well into the twentieth century:

With eighty percent of the population either nomadic or seminomadic, and only six percent of the total population able to read or write, Libya was a country almost totally bereft of skills. Commentators disagreed on one statistic; some said two Libyans had been to college; others thought the figure should have been four. Whoever was right, Libya was a land forced to rely upon others to run its most basic services. Even justice was dispensed by foreigners. Long after independence, the Libyan Supreme Court comprised two Egyptians, one Briton, and one American.1

Libya’s short-lived Sanusi monarchy, furthermore, was dependent upon the presence of British and American military bases and little interested in fostering the ostensibly independent Libyan people’s autonomy – not that autonomy would have been possible given the country’s rudimentary educational infrastructure:

At its apex sat the King, who held power through the gift of foreign governments. Beneath him were ministers, appointed on the basis of family relationship or tribal affiliation, presiding over ministries staffed by foreigners because there were not enough educated Libyans to operate telephones, man desks, or keep the cashbooks. The schools were largely run by Egyptians, teaching Egyptian history from Egyptian textbooks. The army, navy, and air force – all piddling little outfits presenting no real threat to anyone – wore British uniforms, carried British weapons, and were led by British officers. Farms and businesses were still run by the Italian settlers.

Wherever one looked, the future seemed bleak.2

Gaddafi and entourage display the colors of Libya’s racial rainbow.

The country’s advances under Gaddafi, who took power in a 1969 coup, were nothing short of astounding. If the Libyan example illustrates anything, however, it is that not all socialist nationalisms are created equal, and that the indigenous human resources of a country are crucial. The Jamahiriya’s policy of border enforcement was less than stringent, and as Patrick Cockburn noted in 2011, “Racism against black Africans and Libyans with dark skin has long simmered in Libya. Before the war there were estimated to be a million illegal immigrants in the country, which has a population of six million and a workforce of 1.7 million.”3 In addition to the inherent limitations of Arabs, then, the country also had to cope with swelling numbers of sub-Saharans, toward whom Gaddafi – a man of Pan-Arabist sympathies who was also, however, something of a Pan-Africanist – was famously indulgent. The average Libyan IQ as estimated by Lynn and Vanhanen is 84 – putting the country behind such bastions of brain power as Mexico, Bolivia, Tonga, Cuba, Uzbekistan, and the Philippines4. Given such unenviable genetic infrastructure, it is unlikely that Libya’s rapid progress could have been made without the wealth of the country’s energy resources – nor did the Libyans ever manage to remedy their dependence upon imported intellect.

British writer and politician George Tremlett, who visited Libya and wrote a reasonably sympathetic 1993 book about the country’s national life under Colonel Gaddafi, can hardly be dismissed as a western propagandist when he presents the following pitiful picture of Libyan progress at that time, quoting his conversations with foreign workers on the scene:

“The Libyans are lovely people,” I was told, “but they haven’t a clue … Without foreign workers, their whole economy would fall apart. They can’t master modern technology, which comes unnaturally to them. … They have spent hundreds of millions of dollars importing the finest industrial machinery that you will find anywhere in the world; the range of their equipment is astonishing, but a lot of it is either never used or left in packing cases because they don’t know how to handle it. … They’ve got half-a-million Egyptians in there, working for them – and another seven hundred thousand Arabs from the Sudan, who are given all the dirty, shitty jobs that the Libyans don’t want to touch. … The Libyans are wealthy, but they’re in a mess. No one has ever taught them how to dispose of rubbish, so wherever you go there’s dirt and filth and abandoned cars. … These guys are no threat to anyone, but they’re too proud to admit it. … The truth is they need our help.”5

“These were eyewitnesses talking,” Tremlett emphasizes.

People who had gone where no foreign journalist is allowed, into the oil and gas fields, and the shining new factories built by German, Japanese, and South Korean contractors to enable Libya to manufacture consumer goods. In theory, Libya should be producing its own rather than buying abroad … but, in fact, these factories are at low levels of efficiency, either because the machines are not working; have broken down and cannot be repaired, or lack trained personnel … factories where the future lies in a packing case, just as Libya’s new planes, tanks, and missiles often stand idle in storage sheds because the country cannot produce enough trained technicians to operate their electronics.

Superficially, Libya appears a highly efficient modern state; the most prosperous in Africa. The oil and gas flowing through its desert pipelines have brought the country great wealth. […]

Inside Libya, new towns, schools, and hospitals have been built for its people. Every Libyan has access to education and modern health care, as of right. Housing standards are high … and where once camels trekked for days between oases, Libyan Arab Airways shuttles its passengers by airbus between Ghat, Sebha, Houn, Kufra, and Ghedames and the main cities, Tripoli and Benghazi. Modern telecommunications systems installed by Plessey and Marconi bring together remoter areas in a way that was impossible thirty years ago.6

If the efforts of a few thousand European engineers and skilled workers could do so much to elevate the standard of living of a backward and until-recently nomadic people like the Libyans, imagine what an entire country of Europeans, relieved of its demographic burdens, could do to elevate the lives of its own.

Rainer Chlodwig von K.


  1. Tremlett, George. Gadaffi: The Desert Mystic. New York, NY: Carroll and Graf, 1993, p. 76.
  2. Ibid., p. 83.
  3. Cockburn, Patrick. “‘Libyans Don’t Like People with Dark Skin, But Some Are Innocent’”. The Independent (August 29, 2011):
  4. Lynn, Richard; and Tatu Vanhanen. IQ and the Wealth of Nations. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002, p. 77.
  5. Tremlett, George. Gadaffi: The Desert Mystic. New York, NY: Carroll and Graf, 1993, pp. 23-24.
  6. Ibid., pp. 24-25.

Originally posted at Aryan Skynet

The Legacy of the Fallen Race


Why do so many of the ancient myths of cultures across the globe have a similar thread running through them that their earliest advances in technology, art, medicine, science and astronomy were all due to visits from light-skinned “gods” thousands of years ago? Many times, there is fact in the ancient fables people pass on from generation to generation, as you will see here.

Since ancient times, there have been legends in the records of ancient people telling of a global lost civilization. Some call this vanquished culture Atlantis, others Lemuria, Mu, Thule, Atland, Avalon—the list is too numerous. No matter what name is attributed to this supposed fabled land, the same description of a forgotten and once great heritage remains. Legends speak of a lost race of fair-skinned giants with blond or red hair, or pale white god-men who established civilization and ushered in a golden age. According to our ancient stories, they gave our ancestors writing, technology, medicine, strict religious and ideological beliefs and a common law system reflecting those core values.

In modern times, red- and blond-haired mummies have been found from the tombs of Egypt’s pharaohs to North and South America. For centuries, there have been reports of ancient Caucasoid peoples thriving in remote corners of the world, and then vanishing mysteriously from history. These accounts speak of white, red-haired giants and yellow-haired barbarians in countries now almost exclusively populated by non-Caucasian peoples. In time, modern archaeologists found traces of their existence. Millennia-old corpses found preserved in desert sands or frigid glaciers would ultimately be discovered. In addition to such physical remains, a wealth of historical and mythological evidence, both in written form and oral tradition, spoke of lost civilizations consisting of fair-skinned gods and light-eyed benefactors, who helped establish new cultures. According to numerous American Indian accounts, at the dawn of their society, they were visited by a great White god arriving from a far-away land located across the sea, who established their new mode of life, then departed, promising to someday return.


The discovery of light-skinned mummies in New Guinea and New Zealand, and persistent  references to godlike, light-skinned peoples inhabiting a now-sunken landmass in the Pacific Ocean, raised some interesting possibilities of just such a primordial race. But the presence of lost Caucasian peoples in the Americas is but the capstone to a much broader reality. Today, there exists an overwhelming body of evidence suggesting a now-lost population of Caucasians.

The last decades of the 20th century saw a revolution in our understanding of the depth and magnitude of prehistoric Caucasian migration and influence. In 1959, for example, hard, physical evidence of primitive, proto-Caucasoid peoples inhabiting the Americas during prehistory began to surface. Archaeologists digging at Santa Rosa Island, off the California coast, unearthed a number of skeletal remains dating back to 10,000 B.C., with apparent Caucasian features. During the 16th century, as the Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo skimmed the same coastline, he found that native Chumash Indians possessed physical attributes that set them apart from the rest of the Channel Island Indians. He reported that the women had “fine forms, beautiful eyes and a modest demeanor,” and their children were “white, with light hair and ruddy cheeks.”

These remains are ancient. They have implications far beyond their apparent novelty and uniqueness. They are the physical remnants of a forgotten race. They are a lost series of human tribes whose descendants now only make up 8% of the world population, but continue to influence culture, technology, scientific and educational achievement. This race has far surpassed any other group of people in terms of arts and communication. But these ancient peoples are far different than anything present today. Their lineage goes back to a distant, forgotten epoch of humankind. Far back into antiquity, a lost race of men produced an advanced culture at a time conventional scientists say no humans could have done so. They are a testament to their god and our way of life that cannot be equaled in the past or the present. This is a lost race of cultural and technological giants whose previous civilization has been lost forever. Their influence, however, has brought about the inception of human intelligence as we know it and given birth to the very first ancient civilization, and indeed all of human culture.


The 1990s saw the discovery of the most controversial archaeological find in North American history, Kennewick Man, a 9,000-year-old skeleton with clearly Caucasoid, not Mongoloid, traits. Forensic reconstructions of the recovered skull show a face akin to Patrick Stewart, the actor who portrayed Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek: The Next Generation. Additional discoveries throughout the Americas hinted at a primordial Caucasoid population that roamed freely across much of the Western hemisphere. Today there is proof that ancient cultures around the world were visited by Caucasian races in ancient times, and they were depicted by contemporary historians and record-keepers as white gods. In the Vedic texts of India, the gods are depicted as having blond hair.

Ancient legends and codices tell us that at some point lost in the sands of time, long before Christopher Columbus or even Lief Erickson, White men landed on the shores of Indian-occupied North and South America. This culture bringer, as told by the ancient ones, is the bearded, blue-eyed White “god” known to the Toltecs and subsequent Aztecs as Quetzalcoatl. The Incas called him Viracocha; to the Mayas he was Kukulcan, who brought them their laws and script. To the Chibchas he was Bochia, the “White Mantle of Light.” Locals recounted that White “gods” turned up on the shores of Lake Titicaca and built a great city there, 2,000 years before the rise of the Incas. Aztec legends said the White god had come from the sea wearing a black cap and black gown. Oddly enough Hernando Cortez arrived wearing the same garb and in almost the very spot where Quetzalcoatl bade the people farewell, promising to return someday. The plumed crown of the White god/king Quetzalcoatl was preserved by the Aztecs over the centuries and was presented to Cortez, who they took to be Quetzalcoatl returned. It is now in the Museum of Ethnology in Vienna.


In March 2010, the archaeological community was stunned by the discovery of yet another Caucasian skeleton, this time in Mongolia. DNA extracted from this individual’s bones confirmed a direct genetic link to the West. In essence, these remains were clearly European, if not Western Eurasian. This time, however, the ancient corpse was not as old, dating to the first century A.D.

There are also legends of the Nestorian Christians of China and Central Asia who may be the basis of the Eastern Christian kingdom led by the mythical Prester John. This author has connected them with the Tarim mummies. Even Kublai Kahn was said to have red hair and green eyes.  Since there are those who believed the Chinese made it first to the New World in the early 15th century, then they could have brought with them the idea of a returning savior like the Mormons believe. In Aryan Sun-Myths: The Origin of Religion (1899), author Charles Morris touched upon the preponderance of the messianic ideal and its origins in Indo-European myth and lore and linked the original Hebrews and the Semites to the Aryans, as the controversial Madame Blavatsky did. These travelers from Asia to America could also have brought with them their Caucasian DNA. Indeed, most historians agree that there were numerous reports of Caucasian “Indians” in the Americas filed by European explorers during the early years of White colonization.

It is possible that our legends of both giants and fair-skinned deities can be linked to those times. Spanish-speaking writers from the 16th century reported that  the native Inca people of western South America revered Francisco Pizzaro and his conquistadors as powerful gods and referred to them as the “Viracochas,” because their god, Viracocha, similar to that of the Polynesians, Mayans and Aztecs, was light-skinned.  Indeed, the ancient city of Tiahuanaco was posited with being built by a fallen race of White giants or gods. This idea was espoused by author Rupert Furneaux.

The period of prehistoric Western arrival or habitation in China and East Asia is continually being pushed backward in time to an even earlier date. The origins of some Caucasian mummies trace back to some 6,000 years ago; some are even older. But the Mongolian individual was apparently held in high regard by his peers, as a major player in the Xiongnu empire, a multi-ethnic melting pot of former Eurasian nomads who challenged the supremacy of the Han Dynasty. This ancient conglomeration of foreign tongues and non-Mongoloid races no doubt consisted of many Indo-European speaking peoples.

During 2007, Peruvian investigators found literally dozens of Caucasian mummies in a vaulted tomb buried 82 feet beneath the forest floor of the Amazon jungle. These belonged to a pre-Inca race known as the Chacha­poyas, or “Cloud People.” Their discovery complimented 16th century Spanish reports of “strange, white Indians” with beards in the same region.


Even the giant statues of Easter Island, 2,180 miles off the Chilean coast, bear witness to the arrival and passage of an ancient Caucasoid race. In 1915, British archaeologist Katherine Routledge learned from a native islander the true nature of the ethnically different looking “Long Ears”—“men who came from far away in ships. They saw they had pink cheeks, and they said they were gods.” The last real ariki, or chief, was said to be quite white, Routledge reports: “‘White like me’? I innocently asked. ‘You!’ they said. ‘You are red, the color in European cheeks.’ Red is the term generally applied by Easter Islanders to Europeans. And urukeku is often translated ‘red-haired’.”

Indeed, the towering statues obviously displayed something other than Polynesian physiognomy, “and if the fine, oval faces, the large eyes, the short upper lip and the thin, often Apollo’s bow lips are any guide to race, they indicate a Caucasoid race.”

Anthropologists are baffled by the apparent presence of Caucasoid peoples in the prehistoric Pacific. Genetic testing conducted during the 1990s showed traces of Basque DNA in the people of Rapa Nui and Greater Polynesia. These ages-old, oral traditions are not only being underscored by the latest strides being made in genetic research, but combining to show that the prehistory of America is far richer in its human background than previously suspected.

The argument for an ancient Caucasian presence in remote parts of the world which should have no such influence or affiliation in very ancient times is compelling. Even West African tribes have legends of ghost-like creatures sharing dominion over their lands and giving them the power to think, to hunt and to organize their societies.


There is widespread evidence of an Aryan presence in ancient Egypt. As author Mary Sutherland has pointed out, the mummy of the wife of King Tutankhamun had auburn hair. In addition, an ancient mummy with red hair, red mustache and beard was found buried within the pyramids at Saqqara. Moreover, the crocodile-caverns of Aboutfaida possessed a number of red-haired mummies. The book History of the Egyptian Mummies mentions a primordial corpse with reddish-brown hair. The mummy of Thutmose II has light chesnut-colored hair. Evidence of a Gaulish and Saxon presence has also been revealed by Professor Vacher de Lapouge. According to de Lapouge, a blond mummy was found at Al Amrah, the displayed skull measurements indicative of the White race. Blond mummies have been found at Silsileh as well.

During Pre-Dynastic and Old Kingdom times, Egypt was primarily a Caucasian society. The DNA of tested mummies reveals that even today’s own chiefly Semitic and Negroid populations bear traces of that lost European bloodline. In The Children of Ra, author Arthur Kemp noted a DNA study conducted by G. Lucotte and published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology in April 2003 proved Egypt’s mixed racial heritage. But continued research has proven that, during past epochs, Egypt had three primary waves of Europoid inhabitants. During Pre-Dynastic times came members of a pre-Aryan or old European population from Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. Nordic invaders during the Old Kingdom also arrived. And continued waves of Indo-European tribes throughout the Middle and Early New Kingdoms also made it to Egypt.

King Tut’s racial profile is decidedly Western European in origin, and the further you trace back through Egyptian origins the more homogenous and advanced the Caucasian population.


The Northern Indians contain a significant proportion of R1a DNA, the Aryan racial genetic signature. The Aryan invaders established the caste system, or Varna, which in Sanskrit means “color.” The Bahadgavita and the Vedas describe the gods of the Hindus as having fair skin and blue eyes. Ancient Hindu texts describe both the different and impending racial conflict of the ancients in their scriptures.

In them, the leader of the the Aryans was Indra, and he is described as “slaying the Dasyus,” the Negroids of India. “Thou, Indra, art the destroyer of all the cities, the slayer of the Dasyus, the prosperer of man, the lord of the sky.” The RigVeda continues to describe the Dasyu and uses the term “black” in the course of the reference:

Indra, the slayer of Vrittra, the destroyer of cities, has scattered the Dasyu sprang from a black womb.” (RgV. II 20.6).

The Rig Veda describes in detail the light-skinned nature of the Aryan worshipers who have “frays that win the light of heaven.” In Afghanistan we have many cases of blond hair and blue and green eyes among the population. During the post-Sept. 11 battles it is known that when mixed races hit the battlefield, the Afghan fighters were relentless, but, once Aryans hit the battlefield, those same Afghans were nowhere to be found.

Some of the population of this region has remained untouched for 8,000 years and is the strongest receptile of R1a DNA.When Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752 to 1840) first used the term “Caucasian” in 1795 to describe the white population of Europe, he could scarcely imagine the epic story about to unfold. He was a German physician, natural historian. His teachings in comparative anatomy were applied to the classification of human races. Blumenbach adopted the term “Caucasian” from native inhabitants of the Caucasus Mountains in southeastern Europe, a race he believed to be the most beautiful and vigorous on Earth. His arguments are no longer fashionable, but there was much more to the story of ancient Caucasians than Blumenbach or anyone else of his time could have imagined.

In recently unearthed essay, Winston Churchill anticipated space travel and extraterrestrial life

Quoting Winston Churchill has always been something of a pastime.

If you’re going through hell, keep going. 

History will be kind to me, for I intend to write it.

Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.

What hasn’t often been quoted is the essay he penned in 1939 titled “Are We Alone in the Universe?” concerning that very question. That isn’t surprising, as the 11 typed pages were never published before being lost to the world for more than three decades.

Churchill, who served as British prime minister from 1940 to 1945 and then again from 1951 to 1955, updated his manuscript in the late 1950s while staying at a French villa owned by Emery Reves, his publisher. Nothing came of it, and eventually Reves’s wife Wendy passed the manuscript along to the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, Mo. There it gathered dust until last year, when the museum’s new director, Timothy Riley, discovered and handed it over to Israeli astrophysicist and author Mario Livio.

In an article published in this week’s edition of the science journal Nature, Livio examined the essay’s contents. Churchill’s work will be unveiled today at the National Churchill Museum, where visitors can view several of its pages.

The most striking takeaway from the essay is how modern Churchill’s conclusions were. One obvious example: “One day, possibly even in the not very distant future, it may be possible to travel to the moon, or even to Venus or Mars,” he wrote 30 years before Neil Armstrong’s historic journey.

His more nuanced views of the potential for extraterritorial life, though, “mirrors many modern arguments in astrobiology,” most notably that in the ever-expanding vastness of the universe, such life is likely. As Livio wrote:

In essence, he builds on the framework of the ‘Copernican Principle’ — the idea that, given the vastness of the Universe, it is hard to believe that humans on Earth represent something unique.

Perhaps Churchill’s most intuitive prediction, as Livio noted, was that of the habitable zone. While Churchill didn’t use this modern term, he closely described it.

After noting that “all living things of the type we know require water,” Churchill observed that the presence of water — thus the potential for life — likely requires a rocky planet at the right distance from a star to be “between a few degrees of frost and the boiling point of water.”

Then, as Livio wrote, “Churchill also considers the ability of a planet to retain its atmosphere, explaining that the hotter a gas is, the faster its molecules are moving and the more easily they can escape. Consequently, stronger gravity is necessary to trap gas on a planet in the long term.”

Given these requirements, the former prime minister concluded that Venus and Mars were the only places in our solar system that could support life.

In other words, he predicted the first definition of the habitable zone — more than 60 years ago. According to PBS, “The habitable zone first encompassed the orbits of Venus to Mars, planets close enough to the sun for solar energy to drive the chemistry of life — but not so close as to boil off water or break down the organic molecules on which life depends.”

One of the aspects of Churchill’s essay most praised by Livio, ironically, is a segment in which Churchill was off the mark.

In a segment focused on other solar systems (“I am not sufficiently conceited to think that my sun is the only one with a family of planets,” he wrote), Churchill wrote in affirmation of a model suggested in 1917 by astrophysicist James Jeans which argued that stars are “formed from the gas that is torn off a star when another star passes close to it.”

But Livio praised Churchill’s skepticism of the now dismissed model. Via Livio:

Now Churchill shines. With the healthy skepticism of a scientist, he writes: “But this speculation depends upon the hypothesis that planets were formed in this way. Perhaps they were not. We know there are millions of double stars, and if they could be formed, why not planetary systems?”

In his essay, Churchill blended his science with his experience with humankind: “I, for one, am not so immensely impressed by the success we are making of our civilization here that I am prepared to think we are the only spot in this immense universe which contains living, thinking creatures, or that we are the highest type of mental and physical development which has ever appeared in the vast compass of space and time.”

Churchill’s curiosity about the universe shouldn’t come as a surprise. In addition to being a regaled statesman and military strategist, Churchill had a scientific mind.

“He had a tremendous intellect,” Westminster College president Benjamin Ola Akande said in a statement. “Even though Great Britain was on the brink of war at the time, Churchill continually educated himself and wrote thought-provoking essays that demonstrated his leadership beyond government and military affairs, but also in science.”

“Renaissance man that he was, Churchill was keenly interested in science,” Livio said in a statement. “For example, he was the first British prime minister to hire a science adviser and made the UK a friendly environment for science and scientists.”

If nothing else, the unearthed essay serves as a reminder that politics and science can — and indeed have — gone hand in hand, each benefiting from the other. In a world in which the two are treated by some as adversaries, this message might be more powerful than ever.

As Livio wrote, “At a time when a number of today’s politicians shun science, I find it moving to recall a leader who engaged with it so profoundly. … Particularly given today’s political landscape, elected leaders should heed Churchill’s example: appoint permanent science advisers and make good use of them.”

Zealandia – pieces finally falling together for continent we didn’t know we had

Zealandia – a new continent submerged in the southwest Pacific – is a step closer to being recognised, the authors of a new scientific paper claim.

A paper published in GSA Today, the journal of the Geological Society of America, contends that the vast, continuous expanse of continental crust, which centres on New Zealand, is distinct enough to constitute a separate continent.

The paper’s authors argue that the incremental way in which it came to light goes to show that even “the large and the obvious in natural science can be overlooked”.

Zealandia covers nearly 5m square km, of which 94% is under water, and encompasses not only New Zealand but also New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, the Lord Howe Island group and Elizabeth and Middleton reefs.

A map showing the outline of Zealandia Photograph: GNS Science

The area, about the same size as the Indian subcontinent, is believed to have broken away from Gondwana – the immense landmass that once encompassed Australia – and sank between 60m and 85m years ago.

“This is a big piece of ground we’re talking about, even if it is submerged,” said Nick Mortimer, a New Zealand geologist who co-authored the paper.

Geologists have argued in favour of Zealandia being recognised as its own continent intermittently over the past 20 years.

The American geophysicist Bruce Luyendyk was the first to apply the name Zealandia to a south-west Pacific continent in 1995. Since then, the paper’s co-authors say, it has had “moderate uptake” but was still not broadly known to international scientists.

Mortimer and his fellow co-authors from the GNS Science research institute and Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand; the Service Géologique of New Caledonia; and the University of Sydney’s School of Geosciences contend that Zealandia has the necessary geological elements to be considered a continent.

Mortimer told Guardian Australia that it was the first robust, peer-reviewed scientific paper to define and describe Zealandia, but its findings would offer “nothing new” for most New Zealand geoscientists. “They probably wonder what all the fuss is about.”

He said he and other researchers began to piece together the submerged continent with the release of a bathymetric map in 2002.

“That’s when the penny dropped, really … From that point, that map was literally our road map for some crosses, just trying to get rocks out of all the four corners of Zealandia that we could, so we could prove up the geology.”

There had been no formal Zealandia project, he said; it had been “a gradual process … [of] joining the dots”.

“It was a question of confidence, fundamentally, I think, with the accumulation of data and what to do with it.”

Zealandia shown on a map of world continents. Photograph: GNS Science

Zealandia would be the world’s seventh and smallest continent, after Eurasia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, and Australia. (Europe and Asia are sometimes recognised separately, despite being the same landmass.)

“It turns out New Zealand isn’t just a couple of small islands at the bottom of the world,” Fairfax Media New Zealand triumphantly reported.

Barry Kohn, a professor of earth sciences at the University of Melbourne, who had done work with Mortimer on Zealandia in the past, said there was a “fair consensus in the scientific community” in favour of its existence.

“It’s pretty clear that that whole area is not part of the ocean. It’s got all the hallmarks of a continent.”

He said rock dredged up from the area was clearly continental crust, “fairly continuous” and defined. More data had been gathered over the past decades to confirm its existence.

“Like anything in science, the penny doesn’t always drop straightaway. You build up a body of evidence.

“It was all once part of a big continent that’s all broken up into little pieces of the puzzle.”

But despite the evidence in support of it, whether or not Zealandia would come to be widely recognised as the seventh continent was dependant on history, said Mortimer.

“If you want to name a mountain, there are certain procedures you have to go through to get it formally ratified. With this, it will just come with time.

“If Zealandia makes its way into popular culture and onto maps, that’s all the validation that we’ll seek.”

CIA Files Reveal Decades Of US Intel On Iran Came From Hundreds Of CIA Psychics


Renegade Editor’s Note: Perhaps this information was released to the public to make the US government seem all-knowing and all-powerful with its army of psychic spies.

By Justin Gardner

In January, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) bowed to public pressure and published millions of once-classified documents online, so people could browse them “from the comfort of your own home.” On the face of it, this is a win for transparency, but in classic bureaucratic fashion, the documents say a lot without really telling us anything useful.

They are more like an amusing trip through the eccentricities and failures of a spy agency that gained immense power after WWII through virtually unlimited funding and little oversight. Assassinations, coups, drug running, torture, and economic sabotage are not the subject of these documents, but there is plenty about UFOs, a Penthouse interview that never happened, various banal diagrams, and psychics.

That last subject is interesting in light of America’s tumultuous history with Iran, beginning in 1953 when the US and UK overthrew the democratically elected Mossadegh government, installing a puppet dictator to serve Western interests.

US intelligence agencies and the Pentagon got their first chance to use the psychic program, initiated in 1975, after Iranian revolutionaries seized the U.S. embassy and took 52 US personnel hostage.

According to the Miami Herald:

In an operation code-named Grill Flame, half a dozen psychics working inside a dimly lit room in an ancient building in Fort Meade, Maryland, on more than 200 occasions tried to peer through the ether to see where the hostages were being held, how closely they were guarded and the state of their health.Officially, the psychics worked for U.S. Army intelligence. But the documents in the CIA database make it clear their efforts were monitored — and supported — by a wide array of government intelligence agencies as well as top commanders at the Pentagon.

They were even consulted before the super-secret U.S. military raid that attempted to free the hostages in April 1980, which ended in disaster when a plane and a helicopter collided at a desert staging area.

Apparently, the CIA was not dissuaded of its fascination with extrasensory mind abilities after Project Mk Ultra – which engaged in illegal human experimentation – was allegedly shut down in 1973.

The psychic program was initiated in 1975 as a “foreign assessment” when the CIA heard rumors that China and Russia were experimenting with psychics. The program continued for 20 years under 10 different code names — ‘Grill Flame’ was one of them.

It continued despite that fact the psychics had, at best, a questionable rate of success when officials were able to compare psychic reports with information from the freed hostages in 1981. According to an Air Force colonel, only seven of the 202 psychic reports were proven correct, while 59 reports were partly or possibly correct.

The degree to which this was ‘dumb luck’ is unknown, but Army officers contested the pessimistic view. They said 45 percent of the reports were partially accurate, and “that was information that could not be obtained through normal intelligence collection channels. The degree of success appears to at least equal, if not surpass, other collection methods.”

The debate continues today. “The stuff that the CIA has declassified is garbage,” one of the Grill Flame psychics, Joseph McMoneagle, told the Miami Herald. “They haven’t declassified any of the stuff that worked.” Agreed Edwin May, a physicist who oversaw parapsychology research for government intelligence agencies for 20 years: “The psychics were able to tell, in some cases, where the hostages were moved to. They were able to see the degree of their health. … If you can sit in Fort Meade and describe the health of hostages who are going to be released, so that the right doctors can be on hand, that’s very helpful.”

Others are more skeptical, to put it mildly. “The intelligence agencies might as well get a crystal ball out and stare into space and hope they see something,” said James Randi, a former professional magician who turned his career into debunking ESP and psychics. “It’s a huge waste of time and money and it doesn’t help the hostages one bit.”

Directors of the psychic program scoured outside and inside the ranks of military intelligence officers to find people with a talent for “remote viewing,” or “the mental ability to see across vast distances and through walls and other obstructions.”

An early success of the psychic program, prior to the 1979 hostage crisis, was being able to locate a downed plane in the Central African Republic to within 15 miles. The CIA recruited a self-proclaimed psychic from California who went into a trance and wrote down latitudes and longitudes, allowing them to find the plane.

But during the hostage crisis, the ‘remote viewing’ of psychics was often completely wrong, as the Miami Herald further details. Nevertheless, the program continued until 1995, employing 227 psychics and carrying out 26,000 telepathic forays.

The program was shut down after an outside review found that “remote viewing reports failed to produce the concrete, specific information valued in intelligence reporting.”

Intelligence agencies certainly use a great deal of ‘remote sensing’ today, but this refers to satellites or high-flying aircraft scanning the earth in ever-more detailed and diverse ways. With what we know – and don’t know – about the technological capabilities of US spy agencies, psychic powers may not even measure up today.

Justin Gardner writes for, where this article first appeared.

Senate (White Freemasons and Jews) introduces bill to honor US soldier who protected 200 Jewish POWs

(JTA) — A bipartisan bill introduced in the Senate would honor an American prisoner of war who protected 200 American-Jewish POWs during World War II with the Congressional Gold Medal.

The bill introduced Monday would recognize Master Sgt. Rodrick “Roddie” Edmonds, who refused to reveal to a German commandant at the Stalag IXA camp which troops under his command were Jewish. The Congressional Gold medal is one of the highest civilian honors bestowed in the United States.

Sens. Bob Corker and Lamar Alexander, both Tennessee Republicans, and Democrats Ben Cardin of Maryland and Tim Kaine of Virginia introduced the measure.

Edmonds was captured during the Battle of the Bulge by the German army on Dec. 19, 1944. As the highest ranking officer in the POW camp, he was responsible for the camp’s 1,292 American POWs. The camp’s commandant ordered Edmonds to identify the Jewish soldiers in order to separate them from the other prisoners. When Edmonds refused, the commandant placed his pistol against Edmonds’ head, demanding that he identify the Jewish soldiers. Edmonds responded, “We are all Jews here,” refusing to identify the Jewish soldiers, thereby saving their lives.

Surviving 100 days of captivity, Edmonds returned home after the war, but never told his family of his actions. He died in 1985, and only long after was first recognized for his heroic actions.

“When I learned of Master Sergeant Edmonds’ valiant actions that saved Jewish-American prisoners of war in Germany, I was reminded of the Talmud’s teaching that ‘whoever saves a life, it is considered as if he saved an entire world,’” Cardin, who is Jewish, said in a statement. “At a dark time in humanity’s history, Master Sergeant Edmonds was a bright light and did what his heart told him was the right thing to do. There are families alive today who can be thankful that their very existence is due in no small part to Roddie’s service and sacrifice.”

Edmonds was posthumously recognized by the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in Jerusalem as Righteous Among the Nations, the first member of the U.S. Armed Forces and one of only five people from the United States to be so recognized.

At Rwanda Holocaust tribute, ‘Never Again’ is a hopeful slogan

KIGALI — Daniel Gold, an 80-year-old Holocaust survivor and microbiology professor, has shared his story of surviving a Lithuanian ghetto hundreds of times, with thousands of students around the world, from New Zealand to Israel. But the dozens of Rwandan students listening to his lecture in honor of the joint Israel-Rwandan commemoration of International Holocaust Day, on February 14, were probably the only ones to nod along in recognition to many parts of his story.

Gold was four years old in 1941 when the Germans and Ukrainians swept through Lithuania, rounding up Jews and executing them, and later herding others into ghettos where they lived in horrible conditions and worked at Nazi factories.

Like Gold, many of the students at the Holocaust memorial ceremony at the Kigali Genocide Museum, in Rwanda’s capital, were toddlers or babies in 1994. That was the year when between the rivalry between Hutu and the Tutsi ethnic groups resulted in the genocide of approximately one million people in three months.

Also like Gold, some of these students have snatches of memories colored by fear, flashbacks of hiding with desperate family members pleading with them to be silent for fear of discovery. Others were too young to remember, but have grown up in families ripped apart by the massacres.

Professor Daniel Gold, a Holocaust survivor, addresses the International Holocaust Memorial Day ceremony in Kigali, Rwanda, on February 14, 2017. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Professor Daniel Gold, a Holocaust survivor, addresses the International Holocaust Memorial Day ceremony in Kigali, Rwanda, on February 14, 2017. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

“Genocide is the same everywhere,” said Honore Gatera, the director of the Kigali Genocide Museum, who was at Yad Vashem in August to build partnerships between the two museums. “It may happen in a different era of time, it may happen with different circumstances, it may happen with different criminals or perpetrators, but genocide is the same everywhere.”

“One experience can teach others much more, even if we’ve gone through our own experience of genocide,” added Gatera, who also guided Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu through the museum in July. “These young people — many were one year old during genocide; they don’t physically know what it means to be a survivor, but they know it psychologically.”

“I consider it a mission to talk about the Holocaust in general and my fate during the Holocaust,” said Gold, speaking to Rwandan journalists after the ceremony. After three years in the crowded ghetto in Šiauliai (Shavli) Lithuania, Gold spent four months lying in a dark hole under a farmer’s house with two aunts and two cousins before the Russians liberated the area. His mother died in a concentration camp. Gold came to Israel in 1952 with his father, went to school in Tel Aviv, and eventually became a pilot with the Israeli Air Force and a professor at Tel Aviv University. He also volunteered as a traffic policeman. Today, “forced into retirement by age, not ability,” Gold spends his time taking motorcycle trips in the Alps and scuba diving with his family.

It was this message, of life after the Holocaust, that Israel most wants to impart to the youth of Rwanda, said Belaynesh Zevadia, the Israeli Ambassador to Ethoipia, Burundi, and Rwanda. “So many people here lost their families during the genocide, but his speech gives hope to so many children. He left the ghetto and became a professor; it gives them hope that they can do so much.” Although International Holocaust Memorial Day is generally observed around the world in January 27, the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, Zevadia pushed off the ceremony in Kigali until Gold could attend. This is the fourth year that the Israeli Embassy and the Kigali Genocide Museum have marked International Holocaust Day with a joint ceremony.

Dignitaries lay roses on the mass graves at the Kigali Genocide Memorial in February 14, 2017 under a sign that reads "to remember and going forward." The remains of 250,000 Tutsi victims of the genocide are buried on the museum grounds. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Dignitaries lay roses on the mass graves at the Kigali Genocide Memorial in February 14, 2017 under a sign that reads “to remember and going forward.” The remains of 250,000 Tutsi victims of the genocide are buried on the museum grounds. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

“Remembering the Holocaust is the first instrument to fight against it,” said Vincent Karanganwa, a 24-year-old accounting student who attended the ceremony. “We hear this testimony and remember it every day so the ideology can never come again.”

As the ancient words of the mourner’s Kaddish, a Jewish prayer commemorating the dead, rolled over the 250,000 mass graves on the museum grounds, many Rwandans said they felt a deep connection with Israelis and their history.

“We have the same stories, we understand deeply what happened in the Shoah,” said Thierry Sebaganwa Ukobizaba, an educator who has been on numerous trips to Israel and Poland. “In 2004, I was in Yad Vashem for the first time, I met survivors of the Shoah. One of them, named Daniel, took my hand and said to me, ‘you can understand what I lived.’

“To remember the Shoah is in the soul of Rwanda,” Ukobizaba continued. “The tools they used in Germany to prepare the genocide are the same as the Hutus used to prepare our genocide — teaching hate, mobilizing this hate.” This is the hate that the country must ensure does not infect the young generation, he added.

The Kigali Genocide Museum hosts a room similar to the Hall of Names in Yad Vashem, but encourages families to hang their own pictures of victims, shown here on February 14, 2017. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

The Kigali Genocide Museum hosts a room similar to the Hall of Names in Yad Vashem, but encourages families to hang their own pictures of victims, shown here on February 14, 2017. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Gold said he was heartened to see how quickly Rwanda had been able to rebuild itself after the genocide. “The next stage is education, because young people are very impressionable, and you can brainwash them for unification,” he said.

The Kigali Genocide Memorial has created a peace education curriculum that is required in first and second grades in all public and private schools in Rwanda, and next week it will launch the Education for Sustainable Peace in Rwanda initiative, which educates teachers who implement this peace education.

Gatera, in addition to touring Yad Vashem during his trip to Israel in August, also learned about Holocaust education in the Jewish state. He said that the Kigali Genocide Museum, which was founded in 2004, is facing many challenges that echo those faced by Yad Vashem in its early years.

From left to right: Honore Gatera, the director of the Kigali Genocide Memorial, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, his wife Sara, and Rwandan President Paul Kagama, in Kigali, Rwanda, July 6, 2016. (Kobi Gideon/GPO)

From left to right: Honore Gatera, the director of the Kigali Genocide Memorial, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, his wife Sara, and Rwandan President Paul Kagama, in Kigali, Rwanda, July 6, 2016. (Kobi Gideon/GPO)

In Israel, it took almost two decades before Holocaust survivors really began sharing their stories. In Rwanda, the sharing process has looked quite different. “Here in Rwanda, perpetrators live next to survivors,” said Gatera. “We need to live as a community, live together, live the same life. And when you look also at the traditional justice, the ‘gacaca,’ it has helped people to speak, because perpetrators were telling about their crimes, they were apologizing, they were telling the truth.”

The “gacaca” or “grass courts,” which started in 2002, are widely hailed as one of the most successful instances of community justice. More then 12,000 community courts heard 1.9 million cases over a period of 10 years. Perpetrators who apologized received shortened prison terms combined with community service. Comparatively, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda heard 75 cases over 19 years, which led to 12 acquittals and 16 appeals.

A visitor at the Kigali Genocide Memorial on February 14, 2017. The museum hosts 92,500 visitors per year. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

A visitor at the Kigali Genocide Memorial on February 14, 2017. The museum hosts 92,500 visitors per year. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Gatera said the confessions at the gacaca courts also helped survivors to better understand their own experiences.

“The Holocaust happened in Europe, not in Israel, so you don’t see the people that did these things to you all the time,” said Zevadia. “It’s amazing that they live together with the people who killed their families… They live together, and this is what’s building the nation.”

“This genocide [in Rwanda] happened despite the Holocaust,” he continued, noting that the world did not head the call ‘Never Again.’ “We must fight not to see genocide in any part of the world, like what is happening now in Syria and Libya. We don’t want to see another genocide.”

Although Gold said the steps Rwanda has taken in both education and development impressed him, he warned that true healing takes time.

“It is a slow process, you need to be patient,” he said. “There’s no turning point to put your finger on to say, ‘Ah, now I am healed.’ You need patience to observe these advances, but you can’t expect it to be a revolution from one day to the next.”