Palestinian factions on Wednesday called for legislative and presidential elections by the end of 2018, in a declaration released after two days of talks in Cairo.
The factions include the main Palestinian political groups, including Fatah, which controls the Palestinian Authority, as well as Hamas, the terror group that has controlled the Gaza Strip for the last decade, along with 11 other groups.
The factions called on the Central Election Commission and the relevant parties to “complete all its preparatory work for the holding of presidential and legislative elections… by the end of 2018 and to authorize [Palestinian Authority] President Mahmoud Abbas to set the date of the elections,” according to the text of the declaration.
The last Palestinian parliamentary elections were in 2006 and there have been no presidential elections since 2005.
The text also called for elections for the Palestinian National Council, which is the parliament of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
The factions referred to the PLO as the “sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.”
Abbas is currently the head of the PLO as well as the Palestinian Authority. Hamas is not in the PLO, but said it would like to join the umbrella group.
The declaration also called for the reinstatement of two inter-factional committees: the Social Reconciliation Committee, which was tasked with mending broken ties between Palestinians due to the 2007 fighting between Fatah and Hamas; and the Freedoms Committee, which is supposed to ensure political and civil rights, such as the freedom of assembly.
Wednesday’s declaration was part of ongoing reconciliation talks between Fatah and Hamas that began last month.
At the last round of talks in Cairo, Hamas agreed to allow the PA to retake governmental control of the Gaza Strip. Since then, Palestinian Authority ministers have begun to take over their offices in the Strip, and on November 1 it resumed control of the border crossings into the enclave.
The PA is supposed to retake full civil control of the Gaza Strip by December 1, ending 10 years of Hamas rule over the enclave.
The declaration did not explicitly deal with what many consider to be the most difficult obstacle facing the reconciliation process, the fate of Hamas’s 25,000-strong military wing.
Abbas wants the PA to be in full control of all weapons and security in the enclave, but Hamas is refusing to give up control of its arsenal. Hamas, which seeks the destruction of Israel, has fought three wars with Israel since seizing power from Fatah in the Strip in 2007.
PA Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah has said a number of times that his ministries could not govern the Strip without full control over security. The PA has also refused to remove crippling sanctions on Gaza that include reduced electricity.