The most powerful Atlantic Ocean hurricane in recorded history slammed into the easternmost islands of the Caribbean on Wednesday, churning along a path pointing to Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti before possibly heading for Florida this weekend.
The eye of Hurricane Irma passed over the island of Barbuda, the National Weather Service said, causing widespread flooding. The storm then hit the island nation of Anguilla, as well as the French islands of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy, ripping roofs off homes and knocking out power. By 2 p.m. ET, the storm was hovering over the northernmost part of the U.S. Virgin Islands.
- Irma, a Category 5 storm, made its first landfall in the Caribbean early Wednesday.
- The storm has maximum sustained winds of 185 mph, putting it near the highest on record.
- President Donald Trump declared emergencies in Florida, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, while authorities in the Bahamas said they would evacuate six southern islands.
- Irma’s path couldn’t be precisely predicted, forecasters stressed. It is expected to pass near Puerto Rico sometime Wednesday, then move toward the Florida coast over the weekend. Southeast Florida could be in the eye of the storm by Sunday morning.
Irma’s sustained winds of 185 mph inched toward the highest on record: the 190-mph pummeling that Hurricane Allen gave the Caribbean, northern Mexico and southern Texas in 1980.
Officials warned people to seek protection from Irma’s “onslaught” in a statement that closed with: “May God protect us all.”
Many homes on Barbuda and the neighboring island of Antigua are not built on concrete foundations or have poorly constructed wooden roofs that are susceptible to wind damage.
The National Weather Service predicted life-threatening hazards and severe damage beginning Wednesday in the U.S. Virgin Islands before the storm passed “near or just north of Puerto Rico this afternoon or tonight.”
“You could potentially see some real devastation and destruction to the homes there,” said Heather Tesch, a meteorologist for The Weather Channel. “Add to that the storm surge and potential flooding, along with some very heavy rains [and] the wind damage — it is going to be a real mess in some of these areas.”
Then would come the Dominican Republic, Haiti and, most likely, Florida, where “folks need to be preparing immediately,” Tesch said.
Quentin Liou, a manager at car rental company Hertz on the island of St. Barts, told NBC News that he was watching walls “tremble” as Irma approached.
“The sound is terrifying,” he added. “I think when the sunlight will be here we will see a disaster.”
Four other storms have had winds as strong in the overall Atlantic region but they were in the Caribbean Sea or the Gulf of Mexico, which are usually home to warmer waters that fuel cyclones. Hurricane Allen hit 190 mph in 1980, while 2005’s Wilma, 1988’s Gilbert and a 1935 great Florida Keys storm all had 185 mph winds.
Irma is a “potentially catastrophic” storm, the NWS warned. It is almost certain to produce complete roof and wall failures, destruction of mobile homes, wind-launched airborne projectiles, snapped and uprooted trees, inaccessible roads and bridges and widespread power and communications outages, forecasters warned.
States of emergency were in effect up and down the eastern Caribbean and already across all of Florida on Tuesday.
The Navy wasted no time heeding the call, ordering the immediate evacuation of all non-essential personnel and dependents from Naval Air Station Key West — more than 5,000 people.
Meanwhile, bottled water, flashlights, batteries and other staples were flying off store shelves across Puerto Rico.
Long lines snaked from gas stations in Gurabo, a small city 45 minutes southeast of the capital, San Juan. Classes were canceled, and schools were being stocked with supplies for refugees as Gov. Ricardo Rossello pleaded with residents to “take Hurricane Harvey as a lesson” and evacuate their homes.
“The decisions that we make in the next couple of hours can make the difference between life and death,” Rossello said. “This is an extremely dangerous storm.”
Puerto Rico’s infrastructure has deteriorated greatly during a decade-long recession. Ricardo Ramos, chief executive of Perfil, the island’s power company, told WIPR public TV that some areas “will spend three, four months without electricity,” Telemundo Puerto Rico reported.
Rossello said President Donald Trump had approved an emergency declaration freeing up federal money for preparations.
In Florida, Gov. Rick Scott said Trump had approved a similar order as residents raided the stores and all tourists on the low-lying Keys were ordered to evacuate starting at sunrise Wednesday.
“I’ve been to four or five different stores today,” said Kagen Smith, who was shopping for plywood at a Lowe’s hardware store in Fort Myers.
“This is us just biting the bullet and buying really expensive plywood to protect our house,” Smith told NBC station WBBH. “I spent about an hour and a half finding water yesterday — we’ve got five cases of water.”
Forecasters stressed that Irma’s path couldn’t be precisely predicted, saying the average error in tropical cyclone forecasts can veer by as much as 225 miles in the space of five days. But should worst-case projections be realized, Irma would be only the fourth Category 5 hurricane ever to have made landfall on the U.S. mainland.
“What we don’t know right now is when the turn is going to occur,” Ed Rappaport, acting director of the National Hurricane Center, told NBC affiliate WFLA of Tampa on Tuesday. “There is going to be a turn, but whether it occurs to the east or the west of the [Florida] peninsula, we’re not quite sure, but we think we will have a much better handle on that by about Thursday.”
In a path projection early Wednesday, the hurricane center estimated that tropical storm-force winds would reach the southern tip of Florida sometime Saturday or Sunday.
Even if Irma skirts the mainland, residents in the Southeast can still expect a rotten weekend. The system’s 185-mph hurricane-force winds extended 60 miles from the center late Tuesday afternoon, and tropical storm-force winds of 75 mph and higher were being flung as far as 175 miles — a destructive footprint more than 350 miles across.
Scott activated 100 members of the Florida Air and Army national guards and said Tuesday night that 7,000 Guard members would be reporting for duty by Friday.
“This storm has the potential to devastate this state, and you have to take this seriously,” he said.
The governor told reporters earlier Tuesday that “Florida is known for preparing and doing a great job with disasters, [but] we have no idea what’s in store.”
Scott added: “We’ll have to pray for the best. The hope would be that this thing would dissipate and just go into the Atlantic, but we’ve got to prepare for the worst.”